Journalism and the media are some of the critical tools that play a critical role in disseminating information in society. In most cases, rather than focus on conducting research and studies, journalism concentrates on providing the audience with the current news. As a result of this, journalism plays a critical not only in informing but also in transforming their perceptions and as such, the perceptions of the entire society. During this semester, there are a number of issues I have learned about journalism in both a classroom environment and in conducting interviews and writing a news article. This essay reflects on what I have learned about the nature of news.
To begin with, one of the things I have learned about journalism and the writing of news article regard the way these articles are written. Notably, whereas different forms of writings such as essays and research paper begin by laying a background before delving in the development of the main ideas, writing the news articles require the write to begin with the main issue at hand before focusing on the details. According to Po¨ ttker (2003), news articles uses a writing styles that is often referred to as an inverted pyramid, whereby the writer begin with the most “newsworthy” information, before covering the details and the general information on the issue being covered. Through learning on how to write to write news articles, I realised that journalists begins their articles in a way that quickly captures the attention of the audiences before highlighting the minors details that such audience may find unattractive. In addition to this, I think news articles highly utilise narrative writing as a way to tell the story at hand.
Another thing that I have learned about the nature of news is the fact that despite the fact that it mainly reports current news, and other events happening within the society, the credibility of search articles depends heavily on the ability of the journalist to find information from reliable sources. In this case, contrary to the perceptions that people might have that journalists just witness event and writes news from their experience in such events, this is not the case. On the contrary, I have realised the news articles that had quoted people who were considered as an authority in a particular fields help strengthen the credibility of the news articles and as such, enhanced the chances of attracting a larger audience. This is particularly the case considering the fact that since the advent of the internet, almost everyone in society can write a news article. Therefore, as O'sullivan and Heinonen (2008) observes, quoting authoritative voice on a particular matter is instrumental in helping differentiate low quality from high quality news articles. Importantly, I need to mention that when quoting such sources, as a journalist I need to maintain a high level of integrity when using information acquired from third parties, including authoritative voices on particular issues.