The 21st century continues to witness the emergence of different technologies that are redefining the way human beings work. Apart from sectors such as the communication sector, which has experience a rise in different technologies that make communication easier, technology is also becoming a significant part of the modern workplace. In this case, there is an increasing reliance on different types of technologies to accomplish both simple and complex tasks at the workplace. According to Bernstein and Raman (2015), whereas in the past human beings reliance on different types of machines to accomplish tasks such as lifting heavy weights, the modern workplace is witnessing an increasing use of technology to make critical decisions. On his part, Morikawa (2016) observes that in the country such as the United States, Information Technology (IT) Revolution has been instrumental in promoting productivity growth since the mid-1990s. Whereas there are numerous benefits of technology at the modern workplace, there are concerns that it will replace humans by taking up their jobs. This paper explores the extent to which digital technologies threaten future employment. Whereas there are concerns on its negative impact on future employment, digital technology plays a critical role in the development of new job opportunities, thus promoting the growth of employment openings in the economy.
To begin with, there is a need to gain an understanding on the factors that are leading to faster adoption of digital technology at the workplace, thus putting human jobs at risk. In their analysis of the advantages that technologies such as robots have over human beings, Wisskirchen et al. (2017) observes that machines such as robots can work 24 hours a day 7 days a week without the need to be replaced unlike human beings who are only capable of working within about 8 hours per day. In others words, when a business or organisation employs human being to perform certain tasks, they can only work up a specific limit. However, since machines do not get tired the way human beings do, they continue to work nonstop while at the same time maintaining a high level of accuracy as compared to human beings whose accuracy levels declines when they begin to get tired. Wisskirchen et al. (2017) further observes that robots and other types of machines are more efficient as compared to human beings and as such, businesses and organisations across the globe are increasingly adopting them as a way to enhance their efficiency levels and as such, improve their productivity levels.
Similarly, there is a need to observe machines are capable of doing monotonous and repetitive work with ease, thus making work that human beings do easier. Wisskirchen et al. (2017) further emphasize that with the adoption of technology in businesses and organisations, human beings no longer need to engage or rather to do dangerous work that exposes their health to risks. For example, the military are increasingly using robots to diffuse bombs, thus eliminating the need to put human life at risk. One may argue that the application of digital technology is only on areas that are not considered technology in nature. Whereas this is the case, there is a need to observe that with the introduction of digital technologies such as artificial intelligence, businesses and organisation are highly likely to rely on these technologies to develop their computer programs on their own, run them and even check whether such programs have errors (Kaul 2016). Speaking from this view, there are no indications that businesses and organisations across the globe will avoid adopting digital technologies as a critical form of their work. On the contrary, the better digital technologies become, the more they are adopted in different sectors as a way to not only boost productivity but also enhance efficiency.