What caused this movement or phenomenon to grow? (Hawley 2015) 是什么导致了这种运动或现象的发展？（霍利2015）
The purpose of the work by Ellis Wayne Hawley, which was published in 2015, is to highlight the problems that monopoly caused in the United States in the early 20th century and the factors that contributed to the formulation and enactment of economic policies that promoted market competition. The source, which is in form of a book, targets scholars, researchers and policymakers who have interests to understand the history of monopoly market structure in the United States and how resistance to this market form created an avenue for the establishment of a competition market structure in this country. With this in mind, this source adopts a perception that monopoly market structures only promote the interests of a few groups of people in the economy by putting the entire economic power in their care. On the other hand, the masses, who constitute the majority of the stakeholders in the market have little or no economic power at all. Therefore, we learn from the source that the transformation from a monopoly to a competition market structure in the United States was largely promoted by an outcry from the larger society, which called for curtailing of the interests of a few elites and individuals for the sake of the larger society.
埃利斯·韦恩·霍利（Ellis Wayne Hawley）于2015年发表的这项研究旨在突出20世纪初垄断在美国造成的问题，以及促成制定和实施促进市场竞争的经济政策的因素。这本书以书的形式出版，目标是有兴趣了解美国垄断市场结构历史的学者、研究人员和决策者，以及对这种市场形式的抵制如何为美国建立竞争市场结构创造了途径。考虑到这一点，该消息来源认为垄断市场结构只会促进经济中少数群体的利益，因为他们需要照顾整个经济力量。另一方面，构成市场利益相关者大多数的群众几乎没有或根本没有经济实力。因此，我们从消息来源了解到，美国从垄断市场结构向竞争市场结构的转变在很大程度上是由更大社会的强烈抗议推动的，这种抗议呼吁为了更大的社会而削减少数精英和个人的利益。