发表于:2022-08-17 17:38:50 范文

What are the fundamental purposes of language?


I think language is one of the most important tools that human beings use to communicate with each other. In this regard, language acts as a foundation upon which people in society can easily pass messages between other, thus making it easier to engage and live with each other with ease. For instance, if a person is new in a particular geographical region, he or she will rely on language to ask for help on aspects such as directions. In addition to this, I think another purpose of language is to communicate one’s feelings and thoughts. For example, to express anger, a person may use words such as angry, outraged, mad and furious among others as a way to express how they are feeling.


Apart from acting as a basic foundation for communication, I think another critical purpose of language is for cognitive purposes. In this case, language is used to influence the mental aspect of the audience, does evoking some kind of response. For instance, language could be used to entertain, persuade or evoke some kind of emotions such as sympathy or anger. For instance, whereas comedians use language to entertain, politicians use it to persuade their followers. In this case, through evoking a certain kind of emotions, the person using the language is able to achieve a specific purpose.


Week 6 Journal Entry 第6周日记账分录

What aspects of a culture do you think are essential to know about?


One of the critical aspects of culture that I think is essential to know about is the norms and beliefs. In this case, I think it is essential to for one to understand the expectations and standards of a particular culture for one to easily integrate into it. Importantly, these norms may be formal, which include aspects such as criminal codes and traffic laws among others, or informal, which include aspect such as table manners, dressing code and every day behaviors such as how one interacts with other when he or she share an elevator. Apart from norms, another essential aspect of culture that one needs to know about is the values of a particular culture in which one finds him/herself in. For instance, in the United States, its cultural values focuses on protecting the rights of the individual and as such, its values promote individualism, while in Asian countries such as China, their values protect the values of the entire family or community and as such, its values promote collectivism. Understanding these values will help one understand how to behave towards others in different cultures. In addition to these, it is critical for one to understand the artifacts and symbols of a particular culture. Knowing these elements will help one avoid being offensive to other cultures.


Week 7 Journal Entry 第7周日记账分录

What are some of the key characteristics of nonverbal communication and why is it important for effective communication?


I think one of the key characteristics of nonverbal communication is the fact that it is present in almost every interpersonal communication. In this regard, when two or more people are engaged in a conversation, it is almost impossible to miss nonverbal communication in such a setup. Another characteristic of this form of communication is the fact that it communicates more as compared to verbal communication. In most cases, nonverbal communication conveys a stronger message as compared to verbal communication. For instance, if two people are communicating, whereas one may say “Yes” to portray the fact that he or she agrees with the other, his or her nonverbal communication such as facial expression may indicate that he or she is uncomfortable and does not really agree with the other. Speaking from this point of view, it is important to observe that in any communication setup, people tend to believe nonverbal communication over verbal communication. In addition to this, another characteristic of nonverbal communication is embedded in the fact that it is the main means to communicate feelings and emotions. Importantly, nonverbal communication is important and necessary for effective communication since it either reinforces or contradicts what is being said to portray whether a person is honest or not. In addition, it also complements or substitute words, thus making it easier to communicate what a person feels or thinks concerning a particular issue.


Week 8 Journal Entry 第8周日记账分录

How important is time to you? Is it something to be spent, wasted or given? Is it central to your day or life? Or is in the background, taking a backseat to interpersonal relationships?


From a personal point of view, time is a critical resource to me. To begin with, I always think that my life is measured in terms of time in the sense that if I am to live 10 years, then it means that the time I lived on the face of this earth is 10 years. Therefore, I perceive time as something that should never be wasted since doing so is wasting one’s life. In addition to this, when engaged in interpersonal relationships, I think that spending time with a person implies that I would have spent a portion of my life with him or her. For instance, if I am to live 50 years and spend one hour with a relative, then I will say out of the 50 years of my life, one hour was shared with a relative. With this in mind, time is central to my days and my life. This is particular the case for the present time. While the time that has already gone by is instrumental in helping me learn the critical lessons in life from the experiences I have already gone through, the present time is more important since it gives me the opportunity to implement the lessons learned from my time that has already gone by, as well as plan well on how to use my future time.