Gender inequality is one of the issues that have consistently received attention from different sections of society. In the last 50 years, different movements, among them feminism, have emerged with the aim of seeking a redress of gender formation in society and as a such, lay a foundation of elimination of gender inequality in society. Apart from engaging in different actions and discussions, and challenging the government to implement laws and policies that promote equality, gender inequality still persists in society (Risman 82). Whereas one would expect that since the call for gender equality continues to grow loud, elements of gender inequality in society should be less evident, this is not the case. On the contrary, even items that are consumed by the wider public still portray a significant level of gender inequality. Furthermore, there is less criticism that has been directed towards the media for its continued undermining of gender equality in society (Downing 197). One of the questions that emerge regards the factors that support the persistence of gender inequality in society. This research paper explores gender inequality in society and particularly, the gendered media. Arguably, the issue of gender equality is firmly embedded in the socialization processes in society.
Gender inequality in society 社会性别不平等
Gender inequality has penetrated different societal spheres from the family to formal and informal institutions in society. To begin with, researchers and scholars argue that the perceptions towards gender that are seen in adults in society are actual nurtured among people at a family level (Bharadwaj, Dahl and Sheth 1). In this regard, the family in which a person is born and grows plays a critical role in shaping his or her mentality towards different aspects on gender. For example, men who are born in families where their fathers were the sole breadwinner and their mothers were not allowed to seek employment outside their homes are likely to promote gender inequality as far as employment is concerned. This is as a result of the notion that has been nurtured in their lives that women are not supposed to work in order to support themselves or the family. On the other hand, a woman who grew up in a family or society that supports women to pursue their dreams and careers is likely to fight for gender equality rights even if the environment in which she lives is male-dominated. This implies that the family background or the society in which a person grows plays a critical role in shaping the perception of individuals towards gender equality.
Gender equality affects to a significant level the division of labor at a family level. Past studies reveal that the disadvantaged sex in the family was likely to be assigned house chores while the dominant sex at this level was likely to seek for formal employment (Rainer 305). Arguing from this point of view, there is a need to examine the gender that is most affected as far as division of labor at a family level is concerned. An analysis of different societies across the globe reveal that women are the most affected as far as labor discrimination along genders line a family unit is concerned. In this regard, research indicates that in most societies, men are the main decision-makers and as such, their decisions as far as labor division in the home is concerned are often discriminatory in nature towards women (Rainer 307). Therefore, when making such decisions, women are often restricted in different ways from engaging in activities that could enhance their chances of working in formal employment. On the contrary, they are men often assign women household chores and restrict women to homes while they choose to work outside their homes.
两性平等在很大程度上影响家庭一级的分工。过去的研究表明，家庭中处于不利地位的性别很可能被指派做家务，而这一级别的主导性别很可能寻求正式就业（Rainer 305）。从这一观点出发，有必要研究在家庭层面上劳动分工受影响更大的性别。对全球不同社会的分析表明，就家庭单位的性别歧视而言，妇女受影响更大。在这方面，研究表明，在大多数社会中，男子是主要的决策者，因此，就家庭分工而言，他们的决定往往具有歧视妇女的性质（Rainer 307）。因此，在作出这种决定时，妇女往往以不同的方式受到限制，不能从事能够增加其正式就业机会的活动。相反，他们是男性，通常会指派女性做家务，当她们选择在家外工作时，会将她们限制在家里。